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EU enlargement

The European Commission is currently conducting EU accession negotiations with Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey.

Accession negotiations with Montenegro were opened on 29th June 2012. On 30th June 2020 with the opening of Chapter 8 (Competition Law), all 33 Chapters became open for negotiations. Three of them (Science and Research; Education and Culture; External Relations) have been provisionally closed already.

The negotiation process with Serbia was launched on 21st January 2014.  The tenth meeting of the Accession Conference with Serbia at Ministerial level took place on 27th June 2019. At this meeting, negotiations on Chapter 4 (Financial Services) were opened. 

On 25th March 2020 the Council of the European Union decided to open accession negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia. The European Council endorsed the decision the following day. In July 2020, the Commission presented the draft negotiating framework to the Member States. The pending adoption of this framework by the Council is a precondition for convening the first Intergovernmental Conference with Albania and also with North Macedonia.

Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted its application to join the EU on 15th February 2016. The EU adopted its Opinion (Avis) of Bosnia and Herzegovina in May 2019, which sets out a comprehensive roadmap of reforms to guide and support the country on its path towards EU integration.

The Stabilization and Association Agreement between the EU and Kosovo entered into force on 1st April 2016. Further EU-rapprochement depends on the normalization of relations with Serbia, progress of reforms and the attitude of those five EU member states (Greece, Romania, Slovakia, Spain and Republic of Cyprus) which do not recognize Kosovo as a sovereign state.

Since 2005 the European Union has been conducting accession negotiations with Turkey. Negotiations came to a standstill because of the political situation in the country. No further chapters will be opened at present.

On 6th February 2020 the European Commission put forward a proposal to drive forward the EU accession process by making it more credible, more dynamic and predictable, and subject to a stronger political steer. The Council  of the European Union and the European Council officially endorsed the Commission's proposal in March 2020.

The European Commission also adopted the Economic and Investment Plan for the Western Balkans in October 2020. This provides for strategic investments in key, future-oriented sectors such as climate protection, energy, communications and digitization.


Additional information

EU enlargement


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